Hazards monitoring in underground mine
Monitoring and control of natural hazards in the mining industry
Methods and means of methane hazard monitoring and controlling
Methods and means for monitoring and evaluating the risk of fire
Computer systems for early detection of fires Automated blood gas systems and supervision dispatcher in the mines Methods and means of control of the ventilation in the mine Case studies of disasters, burst gas and rock, inflammation and explosion of methane, spontaneous combustion of coal and mine fires.
– The student gains knowledge about the product gas underground fire.
– The student knows the instruments and apparatus for determination of gases in the mine air.
– The student knows the criteria for early detection of underground fires
– The student has the ability to evaluate early detection of endogenous fires
– The student has the ability to select the proper monitoring system for hazard fire.
– The student has the ability to determine the location of the sensors in mine
– The student has the competence to determine the hazard explosion during the fire.
– The student has the competence for assessment of fire endogenous development based on monitoring data.
Environmental risk assessment in exploration and mining
- Objectives: Presentation of methods to limit the adverse impact of mining on the environment. Examples of the impact of various types of mining activities on the environment.
2. The characteristics of minerals mining
3. The components of mining areas
4. The immunity of the environment constituents to the impact of mining activity
5. The influence of mining activity on the environment
6. Minimizing the adverse impact of mining on the environment
7. Classification of post-mining areas
1. Influence of mining on the atmosphere
2. Influence of mining on the surface and underground water
3. Influence of mining performance on the configuration of the surface
4. Influence of mining on monuments and cultural heritage
5. Influence of mining on the soil and management of mining waste materials
6. Noise generated by mining operations
7. Influence of mining on human health; influence of mining on the wildlife
– Student have knowledge on planning and to tools used in geology works.
– Student have knowledge on extracting, processing and use of ore.
– Student is able to present conclusions of his/her research.
– Student is able to perform preliminary economic analysis of geological works.
– Students can use English language in the environmental engineering.
– Students are aware of the continuous improvement of the knowledge.
Information technologies in mining
Modern information and communication technologies in mining.
Information tools and methods to design.
Distributed systems of data collection and processing.
Wireless communication and data transmission.
Data security and network security methods.
Databases and data warehouses.
Methods of statistical data analysis.
Methods of signal processing.
Modelling, verification and validation of models Integrated.
Management Systems MRP, ERP, CMR.
Statistical analysis of measurement data.
Statistical analysis of the measurement signals from the system.
Design of the air data.
Design of ventilation database.
Design of computer books for early detection of fires.
– The student has the knowledge of how to apply the information tools in the process of design.
– The student has a general knowledge of building computers and systems and computer networks.
– The student knows the software and programming languages.
– The student has general knowledge in the field of visualization and the collection and archiving of data and information.
– The student is able to use modern information technology in Engineering calculations and design.
– The student knows how to selfsufficiently gather sources to use tools in Engineering work.
– The student knows how to lead and execute Engineering work using information tools.
– The student knows how to design basic tasks using the methods and means of information.
– The student can analyze data using statistical inference, collected in laboratory and field studies.
– The student has the ability to teamwork and self-formulate and solve problems using modern technology.
– The student has the knowledge and the skills of continuing education and professional development.
– The student understands the need to increase the knowledge on advanced and specialized courses.
Mine environment engineering
The types and scope of the impact of mining on the environment;
Legal aspects of environmental protection;
Characteristics of the impact of underground and open pit mining.
The impact of mining on the water environment;
Mining and atmospheric pollution;
The problem of waste in mining;
Social aspects of mining activities;
Methods to limit the adverse impact of mining on the environment.
Examples of the impact of various types of mining activities on the environment and its individual elements. Methods of identifying and estimating the extent of adverse impact. Working in groups in project concerning identification and analysis of specific examples of the impact of mining on the environment. Presentation of the results.
– The student have knowledge about waste management in the mining industry and the impact of mining waste on the environment.
– The student has the knowledge on how to reduce the impact of mining on the environment.
– The student has knowledge of the impact of various types of mining activity on the elements of the environment.
– Student is able identify the presence of phenomena occurring as a result of various types of mining activities.
– The student is able to analyze the impact of mining on the various elements of the environment and seek ways to limit the negative impact, using modern methods.
– The student is able to analyze issues (individually and in the team) in terms of the impact of mining on the environment, develop a solution in the form of paper, and publicly present the results of the work.
Selected problems of environmental protection
- Objectives: The aim of the subject is to familiarize students with causes and consequences of environmental degradation as well as methods of cleaning environment and use potential of post-industrial landscape.
1)Causes and consequences of environmental degradation. Influence of industry (especially mining) into environment: soil, water, landscape. Basic definitions.
2)Legal conditions and responsibility in environmental protection. Tools for environmental protection.
3)Remediation, reclamation and natural succession as activities
4)Reducing negative impact of industry into environment. Stages of reclamation – initial, technical and biological. Technics and technologies in reclamation processes. Fitoremediation and phytomining.
6)Protection of industrial heritage as an important elements of landscape in the industrial regions.
7)Case study of opportunities for mining-related reclamation and redevelopment (revitalisation) presenting various aspects of reduction of negative effects on the environment.
Case study on selected example of post-industrial land reclamation and revitalisation in the environmental aspects – assessment of effects, success factors and reasons for failure.
– Knows and understands causes and consequences of environmental degradation.
– Knows and understands methods of postindustrial land reclamation and possibilities for its target use (revitalisation).
– Can define the negative influence of the industry into environment
– Can select proper method for cleaning environment and using post-industrial landscape.
– Is ready to initiate and get involved in the processes of cleaning environment.
– Is ready to expand and complete acquired knowledge and lifelong learning.
Rudiments of mining
- Objectives: Role of mining for the global economy. Geological characterisation of orebodies in relation to potential mining technology. Scope and various types of mining activity. Typical mining equipment and their application. Mining and natural threats associating the technology. Examples of different mines ideas.
Raw minerals in ecosystem, classification according to industrial demand. Rock and rock-mass properties influencing selection of underground technology. Geological and geometrical parameters of mineral deposits and their role for technology. Geological reserves, classification, cut-off grade. Cutting, excavating, winning and drilling techniques utilized underground. Types and use of underground excavations, roof support, lining and enforcement methods. Models of underground mines, infrastructure. Back filling technologies. Natural threats and prophylactics, environmental impact. Underground space for civil utilization.
An example of development of the regular orebody. Determination of the main technological parameters of the deposit exploitation (eg. Resources, daily output and progress, the number of the indicative roof, surface deformation indexes) and choice of the equipment in longwall panel caving in particular shearer loader, armoured face conveyor and powered roof support.
– The students has basic knowledge in the interpretation of mining and geological conditions on the basis of which can design and appropriate system of exploration.
– The students has basic knowledge in the interpretation of mining and geological conditions on the basis of which can design and appropriate support system.
– The student can describe and interpret mining and geological conditions on the basis of which can design and appropriate system of exploration.
– The student is able to perform the project of deposit exploration.
– The student understands the need for continuous updating and expanding knowledge in the field of underground exploitation.
– The student understands the need for continuous updating and expanding knowledge in the field of underground exploitation in the conditions of natural hazards.
Selected problems of surface mining
- Objectives: It covers concepts and procedures that will allow the student to perform basic foundations in the surface mine planning and design, and will serve as a basis for good working methodology and processes in Geovia Surpac.
1. Surface mining – basic concepts, applicability, advantages and disadvantages;
2. Role of surface mining in total mineral production ;
3. Deposits amenable to surface mining and excavation characteristics;
4. Surface mining unit operations and surface mining systems – classification, applicability, advantages and disadvantages;
5. Opening up of deposits – objective, types, parameters, methods; Factors affecting selection of box cut site;
6. Production benches – formation, parameters and factors affecting their selection;
7. Discontinuous/cyclic methods of excavation and transport shoveldumper operation: Applicability and limitations of electric shovel, hydraulic excavators and dumpers; Cycle time and productivity calculation for shovel and dumper;
8. Estimation for equipment (shovel, dumper and other heavy earth moving machines) required for a given mine production;.
9. Continuous methods of excavation and transport;
10. Bucket wheel excavators: Applicability and limitations; Types and principle of operation; Operational methods – lateral block / half block method, full block methods; Calculation of BEW’s productivity;
11. Continuous surface miners: Types, classification, applicability and limitations; Principles of operation; Operational methods –
12. Conveyor / truck loading method, side casting method and windrowing method, Respective merits & demerits and applicability & limitations of these methods.
13. Merits and demerits of conveyor as a system of transportation. Cyclic excavation and partly/fully continuous transport system: Different in-pit crushing and conveying methods and their respective applicability &limitations.
14. Mining of developed lignite seams; Problems associated; Methods of working.
15. Mining of developed dimensional stones: Types, occurrences and uses;
16. Dumping – classification, applicability, advantages and disadvantages;
17. Stages/Phases of mine life; Preliminary evaluation of surface mining prospects;
18. Mine planning and its importance; Mining revenues and costs, and their estimation; Mine planning components, planning steps and planning inputs.
Design of surface mine using continuous method.
1. Slopes, berms and benches parameters;
2. Estimation of waste to ore ratio, amount of overburden and reserves;
3. Slope stability analysis;
4. Mining equipment calculation;
5. Design of external dump parameters;
6. Basic parameters of mine production and effectiveness;
7. Cost calculation of mining process.
– Knowledge of surface mining unit operations and surface mining systems
– Knowledge of estimation for equipment required for a given mine production
– Knowledge of the role of surface mining in total mineral production
– Knowledge of mine planning and its importance
– Can design of surface mine
– Can estimate basic parameters of mine production and effectiveness
– Can estimate of waste to ore ratio, amount of overburden and reserves
– Is aware of ethical issues related with the application of mining
- Objectives: The module is connected with underground cut of useful minerals both hard coal, ore and salt. Module includes a structure of prospecting, access, preparatory and exploitation excavations.
Underground cut of deposit
Laboratory classes in the MineScape program provide state-of-the-art tools for the strategic planning of underground mining operations.
During classes, students know how to maximise the system of exploitation. Laboratory classes embrase: 1 – General informations about functions and modules in the MineScape program. 2 – Design data and import data from other graphics programs. 3 – Create specs, grid, graphic, surface, post, traingulations and blocks files. 4 – Draw points, lines, crosssections, polygons. 4 – Create reggular and irregular forms of deposits. 5 – Create cross – sections from surfaces and solids with drawing auxiliary section lines. 6 – Drill holes profiles with elements of schema, setup and definition of display. 7 – Model of coal or ore deposit with taking into account the lithology, e.g. thickness, interlayer oraz a stucture inside MineScape program, e.g. elements and sequences. 8 – Create underground access, preparatory and exploitation excavations for longwall panel as well as room and pillar mining systems.
During classes, students know how to maximise the system of exploitation. Classes include mineable shape optimizer; automatically produces optimizer excavation design to maximize the value of recovered deposit within the given geometry and design constraints. It support a wide variety of underground mining methods and can quickly generate individual excavations designs within a resource model. Mining activities from three – dimensional design elements and sequences.
– Student knows mine design for room and pillar mining systems.
– Student knows mineable: shape optimizer, reserves optimizer and mine layout optimizer.
– Student can use the program for purpose to design underground exploitation system in ore mining.
– Student can use the program for purpose to design underground exploitation system in hard coal mine.
– Student can chose the most appropriate panel mining system adapt to it schedule production.
– Student can analyze different underground mining systems of exploitation.
Selected problems of underground construction
- Objectives: The aim of the module is to familiarize students with underground facilities for mining activities, as well as municipal services and underground transport. The element of learning is gaining knowledge how to design underground structures and how to perform them in various geological and geotechnical conditions.
1. Introduction to the task of underground structures. Properties of the rock massive and its acting to the workings lining (1 hours).
2. Underground galeries lining systematic. Rigid and flexible lining. Examples. (1 hours).
3. Mining shafts systematics. Elements of the shafts. Top shaft, Head shaft, shaft bottom. General condition of the shaft location at the mining area. (1 hours).
4. Geological and hydrogeological condition of shaft sinking. (1 hours).
5. General descriptions of shaft sinking methods. Ordinary shaft sinking methods, special methods in underground shaft sinking. (1 hours).
6. Special methods of shaft sinking. Cementation, rockmass freezing methods. (4 hours).
7. Shaft lining. Temporary and final shaft lining. Methods of calculation and design of shaft lining (1 hours).
8. Mechanical end electrical equipment of the shaft and shaft surrounding infrastructure. (1 hours).
9. Basic technologies of mining gates execution. (1 hours).
10. Basic problems of tunneling. (2 hours).
1. Project of underground workings lining (tunnel or mine headings) (3 hours).
2. Concept project of shaft sinking technology using ordinary method (plan of shaft cross section, shaft lining project ) – 6 hours.
3. Project of selected elements of shaft sinking technology using one of special shaft sinking method (5 hours).
– Has detailed knowledge of structure underground mine.
– Student has knowledge of methodology designing and performing all undergrounds excavations (vertical shafts, horizontal and inclined galleries and functional underground chambers), and their basic technical equipment have to be installed in.
– Student is well oriented in the problems of rock mechanics Engineering especial can estimate loading forces acting on the underground constructions and is familiar with the mechanisms of cooperation both rock massive and lining of the underground workings.
– Student is able to design all mining elements in all technical branches like: mining, mechanical, construction, electrical and sanitary.
– Student can prepare action plan and timetable of all operations necessary for constructing underground mine and their surface infrastructure.
– Student is very skill in using computers tools for preparing necessary drawings (AUTOCAD or equivalent) and is skill in numerical modelling of both geomechanical problems and underground and surface mining structures.
– Student has ability in cooperation with designing Offices and local authorities in the range of execution of necessary arrangements.
– Student understand law of the country of mining operations and is familiar with the local law valid in the mining sector.
Corporate social responsibility
- Objectives of the course: Philosophy of CSR principles of sustainable development and how to conduct this process in a company resume/control using the Global Reporting Initiative.
Conduct the CSR process in company and control their activities in this matter with GRI Standards.
Social responsibility of business, especially for public relations, environment management and human resources management in
strategic and operational management in the company.
Introduction to philosophy, rules and algorithm of CSR and Global Reporting Initiative in a company, especially in mines.
Rules of CSR – Inroduction to philosophy, rules and algorithm of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Global Reporting Initiative in a company, especially in mines.
CSR process in company and control their activities – The course of the CSR process in company in this matter with GRI Standards model.
The course of the CSR reporting process – The course of the CSR reporting process in company in relation to the GRI norm
CSR’s best practices – Presentation of the best CSR practices of mining enterprises from around the world in the direction of indicating the best possible directions of action in this field.
– The result of education within the framework of the course is the student’s understanding of the philosophy of Corporate Social
Responsibility (CSR) principles of sustainable development and how to conduct this process in a company resume/control using the Global Reporting Initiative. On this basis the student should independently perform project evaluation mining company selected using a systematic GRI Standards.
– The student knows the philosophy of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), principles of sustainable and the Global Reporting Inititive systems in GRI Standards model.
The student has the ability to conduct the CSR process in company and control their activities in this matter with GRI Standards model.
The student is aware of social responsibility of business, especially for public relations, environment management and human resources management in strategic and operational management in the company.
Selected problems of mine planning and economics
- Objectives: As part of the subject will be presented content related to business management mining. The economics of entities will be identified, related to their specificity resulting from owned geological and technical resources.
The segments of their activities will be characterized in the frame of shaping revenues and costs.
Mining economics (basic information about management of effectivity and liquidity in mining ) (2h)
Accountancy and financial statements in management of mining enterprises (2h)
Structures of mining companies in the world – view in the light of current strategic requirements (2h)
Operational management in mining companies – focus on operational earnings and working capital requirement (2h)
Management of investment decisions – investment valuation in mining (mining life cycle) (2h)
Financing in mining – estimation of financial decisions in the light of capital structure (2h)
Strategic development of mining companies in the light of value creation (value drivers related to intangible and tangible assets) (2h)
Identification of dependence among earnings and cash flows (2h)
Estimation of financial ratios in the light of liquidity and profitability (2h)
Management of working capital requirement – effectiveness of operational decisions in mining enterprises (2h)
Estimation of investment decisions – analysis of investment projects in mining (2h)
Financial structure of mining enterprises – calculation of weighted average cost of capital WACC (2h)
Financial planning of mining activity – creating of financial and managerial statements (2h)
Model of mining enterprise valuation with discounted cash flows – identification of strategic value drivers (2h).
– Has extended knowledge in the field of business management industrial which is a mining plant. Understands the economic basics determining the management process in mining plant. He can connect up technical aspects related to the chain values realized in the plant mining with its participation aspect.
– Is able to perform tasks and exercises that in the economic sense reproduce technical processes.
– Can express in economic language implemented technical processes connected in the mining plant. Can conduct economic analysis of implemented processes in the context of them profitability and financial impact company.
– Understands the need for permanent educate yourself depending on changing around. Can achieve goals and work as a team, taking on different roles in it.
Databases in environmental monitoring
- Objectives: Multidimensional data analysis. Graphical way of data interpretation. Determination of water supplies. Water treatment processes. Evaluation of water quality. Designing of parameters of water reservoirs. Statistical approach to water waste treatment processes. Hazardous and radioactive pollutants evaluation. Modeling of environmental processes.
1.Chosen parameters of evaluation of environmental pollution (pollution concentration by certain substance, humidity, temperature, power and direction of wind etc.)
2.Measuring devices for environmental pollution.
3.Role of environmental monitoring automatic stations in industrial areas of Poland, location of monitoring station. Tasks of environmental monitoring.
4.Role and tasks of monitoring for dump sites.
5.Data collection, databases, issues connected with representativeness of sample, sample size.
6.Statistics in environmental data analysis.
7.Presentation of data, illustrative techniques of measurement results: circular graphs, spatial graphs, histograms.
8.Application of modern calculation techniques (decisive trees, neural networks, genetic algorithms) in investigation of environmental pollution state, determination of changes trends, methods of data mining in data selection.
1.Collection of data from measurements. Calculation of samples size.
2.Influence of location of environmental monitoring station on measurements of environmental pollution results.
3.Illustration of measurements by means of graphical techniques (circular graphs, histograms).
4.Application of modern calculation techniques to issues of environmental protection.
- Learning Outcomes:
– Student has knowledge about methods of evaluation and description of environmental data.
– Student has knowledge about monitoring nearby dump sites.
– Student has knowledge about measuring devices.
– Student has knowledge about evaluation of environmental pollution.
– Student can organize appropriate course of data collecting in range of representativeness and sample size.
– Student can properly select location and equipment of environmental monitoring station in certain area.
– Student can properly show results of collected environmental state.
– Student can perform statistical analysis of data originating from environmental monitoring system.
– Student understands the meaning of influence of issues connected with environmental state in certain area on spatial development plans.
– Student is aware about necessity of homogenous reporting about environmental condition in certain area.