## Pathway 7

## ENVIRONMENTAL AND GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING

## This pathway is the reversal of Pathway 6 and allows the students studying in Miskolc at the Environmental engineering MSc to spend the third semester in Zagreb joining the Geotechnical Engineering MSc. The added value of Pathway 7 for students from Miskolc is the stronger geotechnical character that can be received by this mobility window. Environmental engineering MSc in Miskolc is chosen also by students with a civil engineering background, therefore this mobility window option may raise the attention of students towards the programme.

## 1st - winter [ECTS]

## Analytical chemistry [4]

## Environmental geology [4]

## Basics of environmental processing [2]

## Ecology and nature protection [3]

## Soil and water chemistry [4]

## Computer science for engineers [2]

## Numerical methods and optimization [2]

## Chemical technologies in environmental protection [2]

## Basics of waste management [3]

## Hydrogeology [5]

## [31]

## 2nd - summer [ECTS]

## Applied physical chemistry [3]

## Environmental economics [2]

## Waste disposal, landfill operation and reclamation [4]

## Environmental and engineering geophysics [4]

## Water quality protection [3]

## Groundwater flow and contaminant transport modelling [5]

## Geotechnical engineering [4]

## Contaminated site remediation [4]

## [29]

## 4th - summer [ECTS]

## Occupational health and safety [2]

## Elective course 2 [3]

## Thesis work 2 [24]

## [29]

## Course descriptions of the mobility semester

- Course aims: Getting to know the basic characteristics of rocks, procedures of laboratory and field test methods, rock mass classifications, estimation of rock mass strength and deformability, understanding of rock mass state and behaviour at different conditions in rock engineering.
- Expected course level learning outcomes:

1. Define and explain the basic physical and mechanical properties of intact rock material.

2. Apply the most common methods of laboratory testing to determine the basic physical and mechanical properties of intact rock material.

3. Analyse the data of discontinuity features of the basic structural domain.

4. Apply the classifications of rock masses.

5. Define and explain the geomechanical characteristics of rock masses.

6. Explain the basic principles of research and in situ testing methods in the rocks.

7. Assess the basic types of instability and rock mass failure forms on surface and underground structures.

- Course aims: Fundamental understanding of engineering properties and mechanical behavior of soils; application of soil mechanics principles in geotechnical engineering.
- Expected outcomes: Students will be able to:

– explain the origin of soil materials,

– perform simple laboratory testings for the determination of physical and index properties of soils,

– perform identification and classification of soils,

– determine hydraulic and mechanical properties of soils,

– describe subsurface exploration methods,

– create graphical representation of field works (boring logs and profiles) and interpret the field work test results,

– perform simple calculations of the settlement and consolidation, seepage, lateral earth pressure, bearing capacity and stability of slopes.

- Course aims: Mining and geotechnical activities are closely connected with soil mechanics which is used to analyse the shear strength and deformations within natural and man-made soil structures or structures that are in soil.

The objective is to provide students with knowledge of applications of limit equilibrium and limit plasticity analysis methods to stability problems in geotechnical engineering, such as slopes, lateral earth pressures on retaining structures, and bearing capacities of foundations.

The major goals that are covered in this course are:

– introduction to the Eurocode system with an emphasis on the Eurocode 7,

– interpret geotechnical investigations,

– analyze foundations, retaining walls and piles with analytical methods,

– analyze foundations, retaining walls and piles with FEM,

– analyze slope stability by limit equilibrium methods (global factor of safety),

– assess ground-water effects on different geotechnical structures. - Requirements: Soil Mechanics 1. Pass.
- Expected outcomes: Students will be able to:

– introduce Eurocode 7 in geotechnical engineering practical application,

– interpret geotechnical investigations,

– design foundations, retaining walls and piles using analytical methods,

– design foundations, retaining walls and piles using FEM,

– analyze natural and man-made slopes stability by limit equilibrium methods (global factor of safety),

– assess ground-water effects on different geotechnical structures,

– evaluate shear strength parameters for the analyses (drained and undrained behaviour and parameters).

- Course aims:

Students will acquire the principal knowledge about investigation, design, construction, monitoring and maintenance of different types of geotechnical structures, such as: construction pits, landslides, embankments, dams, retaining walls. - Requirements:

Background knowledge of rock and soil mechanics, and numerical calculations. - Outcomes:

– Plan laboratory and site investigations for different geotechnical structures.

– List and explain various methods for construction and stabilization of construction pits, lanslides, levees, dams and supporting structures.

– Perform stability analyses, setlement and seepage calculations

– Define and plan monitoring program for different constructions.

- Course aims: Introduction to various techniques of soil and rock improvement, application of ground improvement techniques in the design and construction of various facilities in mining, geotechnical, hydrotechnical engineering and environmental protection.
- Requirements: Background knowledge of rock and soil mechanics.
- Outcomes:

– List and explain principles of various methods of soil and rock improvement.

– Plan laboratory and site investigations for the application of different ground improvement techniques.

– Describe different methods of soil improvement: compaction, vibro-replacement, drainage, grouting, reinforcement.

– Describe rock improvement methods by grouting, anchoring and supporting.

– Predict and apply soil and rock improvement techniques in mining, geotechnical and hydrotechnical facilities.

– Define and plan monitoring program for different improvement methods.

- Course aims: The aim is to familiarize students with methods of making horizontal, inclined and vertical underground chambers.
- Expected outcomes:

-To know the types and features of underground chambers,

-Understand the properties of the working environment essential for the application of the construction method of underground chambers,

-To know the construction methods for certain types of underground chambers,

-Know how to use the underground chamber excavation method.

- Aim: Adoption of basic concepts from the area of probability and their application in building models for statistical analysis. Getting acquainted with basic statistical methods and acquiring skills for their application in technology and natural sciences.
- Requirements:

Conditions: none.

Competences: basic calculus (function derivative, integral, limit). - Expected outcomes: Use basic knowledge in the field of technical and natural sciences. Solve medium complex problems in geological engineering and geology, as well as in other areas which use the results of research in geological engineering and geology and apply them. Select and apply the appropriate analytical methods and procedures and equipment required in laboratory and field research. Use current information technologies to collect and process data collected through new research or from existing literature, databases and other sources of information. Analyse the chemical and morphological composition of the rock. Understand the impact of petroleum – mining works on the environment. Supervise the work and operation of oil and gas production, equipping, production, transport and storage systems. Understand the geological processes, rock formation and mineral raw materials deposits formation, engineering geo-geological and hydrogeological relationships, soil mechanics and rocks, and of mineral and chemical composition of rock. Planning, conducting and controlling mining and geophysical investigations for the purpose of establishing reserves of solid mineral raw materials and conducting engineering works in soil and rock. Analysis and interpretation of data collected by field and laboratory research, and determination of quality of mineral raw materials. Application of analytical and numerical methods in the assessment of the state and behavior of geological materials during engineering works and construction of various geotechnical objects in soil and rocks. Planning and implementation of geotechnical and geophysical investigations and their monitoring for the purpose of carrying out engineering works in soil and rock and establishing reserves of solid mineral raw materials. Analysis and interpretation of field and laboratory research results. Understanding the complex physical-chemical relations in the air, water, soil, multiphase fluid flow through the soil / rock, geochemical and mineral relations in the soil and rock, and the ability to identify, quantify and solve the associated problems. Modeling and numerical calculations of environmental pollution spreads.

After passing the exam, students will be able to:

– define the concept of a random event and basic operations with events;

– apply basic combinatorial terms (variations, permutations, combinations), the complete probability formula and the Bayesian formula when calculating probabilities of events;

– explain the concept of discrete and continuous random variable and calculate their parameters (mathematical expectation, variance, standard deviation);

– define binomial, Poisson and normal distribution and apply them in calculating probabilities of events;

– graphically display statistical data and calculate the basic characteristics of the data set (arithmetic mean, variance, standard deviation);

– perform a point and an interval estimate of an expectation and variance of a random variable;

– test a statistical hypothesis with a properly selected statistical test (F-test, t-test, chi-square test);

– apply a linear regression model when examining the dependence of the two characteristics of the observed phenomenon;

– correctly interpret the results of statistical methods;

– apply programming language R in solving statistical problems.

- Aims: Understanding the basic concepts, basic laws and principles relating to the measurement techniques. Use of basic and advanced statistical tools to analyze the measurement results. Calculating measurement errors of indirect measurements. Use signal properties for the purpose of performing quality measurements. Getting acquainted with the properties and limitations of measuring transducers (sensors). Calculation of the measurement uncertainty of the result.
- Expected outcomes: Know how to calculate the statistical parameters of measurement results, calculate the error of measurements. Analyze measurement system properties and evaluate the errors and the scale of their impact on the measurement result. Calculate the measurement uncertainty of simple measurement procedures.